In the middle of the 20th century, Afghanistan was balanced between ancient tradition and the modern world. The vast majority of the population was deeply religious, largely rural and conservative. Kabul was an exception. In the 1960s, King Zahir Shah had allowed political parties to develop. Two main ideologies emerged: The People’s Democratic Party of Afghanistan – the PDPA - was a Marxist communist party. Their main rival was the radical Islamic movement.
The documentary charts Afghanistan's history of wars up to the present day, the players who have shaped its recent history and those who will shape its future.